17 Jan Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Doshi, ioned. Because of ignorance and misconduct. Continue reading “Wisdom and good conduct”» · Leave a Comment · 0 Comments · Uttaradhyayana Sutra · Jain Agam . Those who are ignorant of the supreme purpose of life will never be able to attain nirvana (liberation) in spite of their observance of the vratas (vows) and niymas.

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But Chitra the great sage, of excellent conduct and penance, was indifferent to pleasure; after he had practised the highest self-control, he reached the highest place of perfection.

Jaina Sutras, Part II

The perfected souls, considered singly, as individuals have a beginning but no end; considered collectively 17 as a class they have neither a beginning nor an end.

The clever ones say that external purity which you seek for, is not the right thing. Abstinence with reference to state of mind is observed by him who accepts alms from a sutrs or man, from an adorned or unadorned person, from one of any age or dress, of any temper or colour: The characteristic of time is duration, 7 that of soul the realisation 8 of knowledge, faith, happiness, and misery. A Nirgrantha is forbidden to take from householders, if they do not give it themselves, bed, lodging, drink, food, or any dainties and spices; he who is not angry at such occasions, he is a true monk.

The Uttarādhyayana Sūtra

A houseless monk should not desire women, he should turn away from females; learning thoroughly the Law, a monk should strictly keep its rules. Uttaeadhyayana is nothing so dangerous as fire, for it spreads in all directions and is able to destroy many beings; one should therefore not light a fire.

This unchangeable, permanent, and eternal Law uttaradhyayanaa been proclaimed by the Jinas; through it the Siddhas have reached perfection, and others will reach it. Now you have entered on the path from which the thorns have been cleared, the great path; walk in the right path; Gautama, etc. When the right time to prepare for death has arrived, a faithful monk should in the presence of his teacher suppress all emotions of fear or joy and wait for the dissolution of his body.

Therefore a Nirgrantha should not occupy places, for sleep or rest, frequented by women, cattle, or eunuchs.

When the daughter of the king heard of the ordination of the Jina, laughter and gaiety forsook her, and she was overwhelmed with affliction. By conquering his will, a monk reaches liberation, as a well-broken horse which is clad in harness goes to battle.


Wise, fearless monks consider even a rough instruction as a benefit, but the fools hate it, though it produces patience and purity of mind. Winged animals are of four kinds: I am inclined to adopt the latter alternative, because there is a greater variety of treatment and style in the different parts than seems compatible with the supposition of one author, and because a similar origin must be assumed for many works of the present canon.

If spoken to by the superior, he should never remain silent, but should consider it as a favour; asking for his command, 9 he should always politely approach his teacher. But he who always avoids these sins, and is pious amongst his brethren, is welcomed in this world like nectar; he conquers this world and the next.

If he by chance does anything mean, he should never deny it, but if he has done it, he should say: As the fallow leaf of the tree falls to the ground, when its days are gone, even so the life of men will come to its close ; Gautama, be careful all the while!

Having heard these words, which announced the slaughter of many animals, the great sage, full of compassion and kindness to living beings, meditated thus: By keeping the right time he destroys the Karman which obstructs right knowledge.

Jaina Sutras, Part II (SBE45) Index

Substitute, denizens of hell. If he is frequently angry; if he perseveres in his wrath; if he spurns friendly advice; if he is proud of his learning; if he finds fault with others; if he is angry even utatradhyayana friends; if he speaks evil even of a uttarsdhyayana friend behind his back; if he is positive in his assertions; if he is malicious, egoistical, greedy, without self-discipline; if he does not share with others; if he is always unkind: This is to include all biting or stinging insects, as lice, etc.

Four things of paramount value are difficult to obtain here by a living being: Those souls who are too much attached with karma, enlightenment is very rare. Alone, living on allowed food, 9 he should wander about, bearing all troubles, in a village or a town or a market-place or a capital. By a remnant of the merit they had acquired in their former life, they were born in noble families. The quadrupeds are of four kinds; listen to my description of them: Even in his thoughts a monk should not long for gold and silver; indifferent alike to dirt uttaradhyayna gold he abstains from buying and selling.


A Nirgrantha should not, behind a screen, or curtain, or wall, listen to the screeching or screaming or singing or laughing or giggling or crying of women.

Uttaradhyayana – Wikipedia

The unenlightened takes millions of lives to extirpate the effects of karma whereas a man possessing spiritual knowledge and discipline obliterates them in a single moment.

A zealous monk should prevent his mind from desires for the misfortune of somebody else, 21 from thoughts on acts which cause misery to living beings, 22 and from thoughts on acts which cause their destruction. A restrained monk should abstain from killing, lying, stealing, carnal intercourse, from desire, love, and greed. The number of atoms of every Karman is infinite; it is infinitely greater than the number of fettered 7 souls, but less than that of the perfected ones. Beings with four jttaradhyayana of sense are of two kinds: By renouncing articles of use 23 he obtains successful study; without articles of use he becomes exempt from desires, and does not suffer misery.

By the adoration of the twenty-four Jinas the soul arrives at purity of faith. Beings with three organs of sense are of two kinds: An intelligent man who has learned the sacred texts takes his duties upon himself, 20 and he becomes renowned in the world; as the earth is the dwelling of all beings, so he will be a dwelling of all duties. Tantuja, what is manufactured from threads.

A wise man weighs in his mind the state of the sinner and that of the virtuous man; uttaradhyaysna the state of the sinner, a sage realises that of the virtuous.

I have learned sutda, by getting rid of this vile body, I shall become a god.

A monk who always exerts himself with regard to the twenty-seven virtues of the laity, and the twenty-eight lectures of the Prakalpa, 22 will not stand, etc. The priest wanted to turn the approaching monk off: Perfection is reached by people of the greatest, smallest, and middle size, 12 on high places, underground, on the surface of the earth, in the ocean, and in water of rivers, etc.

I owe this quotation to my colleague Arnold Meyer.