The dual mandate is an expression of the fundamental principles of European imperialism in tropical Africa as theorized by Sir Frederick Lugard (–). L95 Dual mandate In British tropical Africa, 3 The original of this book is in the Cornell Sir F. D. LUGARD g.c.m.g., c.b., d.s.o. HON. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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Lugard’s first mission was to determine the feasibility of a route from Mombasa to Machakos that would bypass the Taru Desert. Within 18 months—not without a brief use of his one operative Maxim gun—Lugard imposed peace, carried out an immense march to the west, and won a treaty of allegiance from the kabaka.

She died in January ; Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 Aprilaged If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to manndate mode requires login.

Dual Mandate, Africa

Though sometimes misapplied or overprolonged, it helped bridge the gap mandte tribal systems and the new movements toward democracy and unity. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat In the early s, long after Britain annexed Lagos as a crown colonyLugard conquered the north.

This section does not cite any sources. The efficacy of indirect rule thus necessarily rested on the existence of powerful chiefs capable of exercising political authority over their jurisdictions. Ikime, Obaro and Segun Osoba, eds.

Dual Mandate, Africa |

However, the region provided abundant mandahe of raw materials and markets for manufactured goods. Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the….


Vladimir Putin, Russian intelligence officer and politician who served as president —, —…. Childbirth in England As custodian of Africa’s resources, however, imperial Europe was committed to Africa’s development and the advancement and welfare of its people.

Although controversial in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media, the amalgamation did not arouse passion in the rest of the country because the people were unaware of the implications.

According to Lugard, Britain held a dual responsibility in Africa: This was to become the famous West African Frontier Force. Governor of Hong Kong — Britain ,andate a colonizing power thus had a dual mandate: Decentralization and continuity could only be achieved if cooperation existed within the administrative chains, especially between the provincial staff and local rulers. One of his famed blood partnerships was sealed in October during his journey to Uganda when he stopped at Dagoretti in Kikuyu territory and entered into an alliance with Waiyaki wa Hinga.

Nor did he find it easy to extend the principles of indirect rule to the loosely organized societies of the Igbo Ibo and other southeastern tribes. He was cremated at Woking Crematorium.

In AugustLugard organised the West African Frontier Force and commanded it until the end of Decemberwhen the disputes with France were settled. Also, indirect rule, by utilizing the traditional elite who exercised local authority directly over the people, minimized contacts between British colonial officials and Africans, which greatly reduced friction between the two groups.

Indirect mandxte was thus less successful here. Retrieved from ” https: To help us prevent spam submissions, please type the text in the image below:. Lugard was appointed to the Distinguished Service Order in Indirect Rule in British Africa.


The south and north showed wide contrasts in their original character and in their traditions of British rule. Throughout his tenure, he sought strenuously to secure the amelioration of the condition of the native people, among other luagrd by the exclusion, wherever possible, of alcoholic liquors, and by the suppression of slave raiding and slavery.

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

His The Dual Mandatefirst published inbecame a handbook for all Luyard administrators in tropical Africa, and influenced British colonial policies across the continent. He realised that there were vast profits to be made through the export of resources such as rubber, and through taxation of native populations as well as duql and exporters The British taxpayer continually made a loss from the colonies in this period. In Lugard’s discourse, European imperialism rested on the premise that the resources of Africa, perceived dormant, could be productively marshaled and utilized by the more technologically advanced imperial nations of Europe for the mutual benefits of the colonizer and the colonized.

Lugard’s thesis ascribed to imperial Europe a fundamental right to Africa’s “wasted bounties of nature,” and also the responsibility of holding them in trust and developing them for the benefit of humankind.

Therefore, effective British officers should retain their posts without undue interruptions.